Analysis of YouTube videos as a source of information on myocarditis during the COVID-19 pandemic
This article was originally published here
Clin Res Cardiol. 2022 Apr 26. doi: 10.1007/s00392-022-02026-x. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to examine the content, reliability, and quality of YouTube video content regarding myocarditis and its association with COVID-19 for the first time in the literature.
METHODS: The 50 most viewed videos were included in the analysis. Elapsed time since videos uploaded, video length, image type (live/animation), video content, uploaders rating, daily and total views, likes, dislikes, comments and the VPI have been recorded. The reliability of the videos was determined using the modified DISCERN criteria for consumer health information, while the quality was determined with the GQS.
RESULTS: The average duration of the videos was 6.25 ± 5.20 min. Content of the videos included general information, COVID-19, vaccination, diagnosis, patient experience and treatment. The most common content was about COVID-19 and vaccination by 44%. The uploaders of the videos have been categorized as doctors, hospital channels, health channels, patients and others. Fourteen (28%) videos were uploaded directly by physicians. The most viewed, liked and hated videos were uploaded by health channels. The mean VPI score was calculated at 92.89 ± 12.29. The average DISCERN score of all videos was 3.88 ± 0.77 and the average GQS score was 3.63 ± 0.85. Video reliability and quality were moderate.
CONCLUSION: Myocarditis YouTube videos have primarily focused on associations between myocarditis and COVID-19 disease and vaccination. Health-related content on YouTube must undergo peer review and quality rating.